Just had an idea how to fix it - didn't work after all, but got more information:
In /bin is the file proxychains and it has got:
In /lib there is the symbolic file libproxychains.so and it points to libproxychains.so.3.0.0
ERROR: ld.so: object '/lib/libproxychains.so' from LD_PRELOAD cannot be preloaded: ignored
I changed the code in /bin/proxychains to
and created a link from /usr/lib/ libproxychains.so.3.0.0 to lib/libproxychains.
Unfortunately without success. Still the same old error with some new text :
ERROR: ld.so: object 'libproxychains.so.3.0.0' from LD_PRELOAD cannot be preloaded: ignored.