I encountered this exact problem today. With the exact same dongle using the iso to create my vm image in vmware 7.0
Gave me a connection, timed out error.
I did get it working though.
Unplug the ALFA Dongle, Plug it into a different USB port
I think i got this problem from changing the mac address then putting it down & trying to get it up, then getting a power surge on my USB port, then it not fully recognizing the Dongle again. Also the iso does use mon0 if you use airmon-ng but you cant change your mac address then from what ive encountered.
ifconfig wlan0 down
macchanger -A wlan0
iwconfig wlan0 mode monitor
ifconfig wlan0 up
The Pre-Built VM is a different story all togethor.
I have not touched anything to do with the drivers, stock standard from the iso.
Is very laggy for me, takes around 7 seconds. I disabled sound all togethor. You can stop the artsd process from running though. Or you can kill it with
kill -9 pidnumber